The standard definition of a vending machine is: "The retail business of selling goods through a vending machine." Vending machines, also known as vending kiosks, have been widely used in a variety of commodities. Automated sales, as the name suggests, first of all, there must be a self-service billing system, such as a bill dispenser, a coin machine, or a device that can swipe cards, which can automatically collect money; secondly, it can automatically find change. Of course, due to the cost problem, most machines only Can find coins. When enough money is put into or brushed in, the customer can choose the goods. The goods can be products such as drinks, coffee, food, MP3, etc. that can come out through the machine, so that they can be called vending machines.
The world’s first vending machine was born in the ancient Egyptian temple in 215 BC to distribute holy water. A famous mathematician living in Alexandria described it as a machine that can produce holy water by coining in a temple. . In 1700, British pubs had cigarette dispensers that they could buy with coins. In 1706, China produced a coin-operated auto-selling machine.
In the 20th century, Japan took the lead in developing practical vending machines. Japan's first vending machine was the stamp postal card vending machine, which was introduced in 1904. It is a machine that combines the sale of postage stamps and the posting of postboxes. In 1905, the U.S. post office began using a stamp vending machine. In the 1920s, commercial smokers began to enter the market. In 1936, NAMA (International Vending Machine Association) was established. In 1946, an automatic coffee machine was invented.
The real popularity of vending machines was after World War II. In the 1950s, the "water jet juice vending machine" was very popular and the juice was poured into paper cups for sale. Later, as the major beverage companies in the United States entered the Japanese market, in 1962, a revolution in the circulation field where vending machines were the main body emerged. In 1967, all currencies below 100 yen were changed to coins, which promoted the development of the vending machine industry. The 1960 banknote changer appeared at the bank counter.