From the perspective of the development trend of self-service coffee machines, the emergence of self-service coffee machines is the result of the shift from labor-intensive industrial structures to technology-intensive ones. Changes in mass production, mass consumption, consumption patterns, and sales environment require new distribution channels; while the relative costs of new distribution channels such as supermarkets and department stores are rising, labor costs are also rising; plus the limitations of the venues As well as the convenience of shopping and other factors, self-service coffee machines have emerged as a necessary machine.
Self-service coffee machines are, in a broad sense, machines that can sell goods after using WeChat, Alipay, etc. In a narrow sense, they are machines that automatically sell goods. From the perspective of supply conditions, self-service coffee makers can fully supplement the shortage of human resources, adapt to changes in the consumption environment and consumption patterns, and 24-hour unmanned sales systems can be more labor-saving. The capital needed for operations is small and the area is small. The ability to attract people to buy curiosity can well solve various problems such as rising labor costs.
It is said that the world’s first self-service coffee vending machine appeared in the 3rd century BC, a coin-operated holy water dispenser in the Egyptian temple. In the 17th century, British pubs had cigarette vending machines and self-service coffee machines. In the long history of vending machines and self-service coffee machines, Japan has developed a practical vending machine, which is after entering this century. Japan's first automatic vending machine and self-service vending machine was the stamp postal card vending machine that was introduced in 1904. It is a machine that combines the sale of postage stamps and the posting of post boxes. The real popularity of vending machines and self-service coffee machines was after World War II. In the 1950s, the "water-jet juice vending machine" was very popular and the juice was poured into paper cups for sale. Later, as the major beverage companies in the United States entered the Japanese market, in 1962, there was a revolution in the circulation field with vending machines and self-service vending coffee machines as the main body. In 1967, all currencies below 100 yen were changed to coins, which promoted the development of the vending machine industry.
Now, the vending machines and self-service vending coffee machine industry are moving toward informatization and further rationalization. For example, the online method is implemented, and the inventory information in the automatic vending machine is transmitted to the computers of each business office via the telephone line in a timely manner, thereby ensuring the smooth delivery of the products, the replenishment, and the selection of the products. In addition, in order to prevent global warming, the development of automatic vending machines and self-service vending coffee machines is dedicated to energy saving, and energy-saving soft drinks vending machines have become mainstream in the industry. At the peak of power consumption in summer, this type of vending machine can keep the temperature low even when the cooler is turned off, and it can save 10-15% of power compared with the conventional vending machines. In the 21st century, vending machines will further develop in the direction of saving resources and energy as well as high functionality.